→ Liguria's territory
The olive tree was defined by the Romans as "Olea prima omnium arborum est" ("The olive tree is the first among all trees"). In the past it used to cover most of the Western Ligurian hills, which had been adapted to satisfy agricultural needs, with the terraces ("Fasce") sustained by drywalls ("Maxei"). These are the main features of the Ligurian landscape and witness the efforts and capabilities of men that have been able to obtain such areas from harsh and steep land.
The origin of these structures is ancient: the Benedictine monks hold the credit for having taught the construction of these carrying walls which, unfortunately, must be constantly monitored due to erosion, weather and age. The "Fasce" are a very useful structure, avoiding the decay of the hills. The "dry" technique, with which they're built, with rocks being the only material, allows the soil to drain and makes water absorption easier.
→ Our territory
→ Methods of cultivation
The majority of the olive trees in Western Liguria have been planted in these terraces and there are considerable difficulties linked to their cultivation and harvest. There's no machinery, which can make this job any easier.
Through time, many drywalls have been replaced with armed cement walls. This solution unfortunately doesn't allow a correct drainage of the soil, thus damaging the typical Ligurian landscape and tradition.